Notwithstanding the decision of the Ministry of Sport to not fund in competition anti doping tests at the Rio 2016 Caribbean Zone Men's Beach Volleyball qualifier scheduled for 8-10 May at Saith Park, Chaguanas.

Anti doping tests will be conducted.

Where there is no National Anti doping Organisation (NADO) the WADA code is unambiguous that the National Olympic Committee (NOC) acts as the NADO.

Accordingly the Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee (TTOC) has the authority to direct that there be testing and to facilitate the process.

The TTOC's is of the resolute view that in competition testing is compulsory given Trinidad and Tobago's status and international standing as WADA compliant and a jurisdiction that is serious about anti doping and drug free sport.

The Rio 2016 Caribbean Zone Men's Beach Volleyball Qualifier will be  hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago Volleyball Federation (TTVF).

The Commonwealth Games Federation court has determined that Botswanan athlete, Amantle Montsho, has committed an anti-doping rule violation and has disqualified her from the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.

The results of all her performances at the Games will now be nullified.

On 29th July a test during the Commonwealth Games produced an adverse analytical finding indicating the presence of Methylhexaneamine Dimethlypentaylamine - a substance prohibited under the current WADA Prohibited List - Class S6 Stimulants.

Ms Montsho requested that her B sample be analysed, which subsequently confirmed the initial A sample analysis.

The athlete was advised of her rights under the CGF's Anti-Doping Standard for the Games, and she subsequently informed the Federation by letter, dated 20th August, that she accepts the finding of the test results and waived her right to a hearing before the Federation court.

As a result, the Federation court's decision, together with all relevant documentation, will be forwarded to the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) for further action in accordance with WADA's World Anti-Doping Code.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is urging major event organisers to do more out-of-competition testing, following the success of a new-style independent observer (IO) programme at this year's Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.

David Howman, WADA's director general, said that an "enhanced focus" on pre-competition testing was a key element in the "better practice" model utilised for Glasgow 2014.

He went on: "This emphasis on testing during higher-risk doping periods was successfully implemented and as a result WADA encourages all major event organisations to expand their own out-of-competition testing programmes in collaboration with International Federations (IFs) and National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs) prior to the event; and further throughout the period the Athletes' Village opens until the end of the event."

Howman also said WADA was pleased with the "success of the collaborative approach" taken by the different anti-doping organisations during Glasgow 2014.

He added: "We were impressed by the constructive relationship that developed between the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), the Glasgow Organising Committee and UK Anti-Doping (UKAD)", the body contracted to carry out testing at the event.

"This type of partnership," he said "should be a template for future major events".

David Grevemberg, CGF chief executive, who held the same role at Glasgow 2014, said that the body was "delighted to have contributed by promoting the values of fair play and advancing the delivery of doping control regimes at major sporting events".

WADA said, however, that it would publish no report on the programme, "due to the nature of the IO mission conducted in Glasgow".

The agency's "better practice" model was piloted in 2013 at the World Games in Cali, Colombia; Glasgow 2014 marked the biggest multi-sport event yet at which it has been conducted.

Chika Amalaha, a Nigerian weightlifter, and Amantle Montsho, the former world 400 metres champion from Botswana, were both disqualified after the CGF determined they had committed anti-doping rule violations.


The "Osaka Rule", which bans athletes convicted of serious doping offences from competing in the next Olympic Games, is set to be resurrected under new plans drawn up by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).

The controversial penalty - also known as "Rule 45" - had been introduced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 2007 but was challenged last year by the United States Olympic Committee on behalf of Beijing 2008 400 metres champion LaShawn Merritt, who had been banned in October 2010 for 21 months after testing positive for a banned a substance contained in an over-the-counter penis enlargement product.

They successfully argued at the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) that it was unfair because it was a second punishment for the same offence.

That, in turn, led to WADA challenging the British Olympic Association's (BOA) bylaw which bans any athlete convicted of a serious doping offence representing Team GB at the Olympics, leaving the way clear for convicted drugs cheats like sprinter Dwain Chambers and David Millar to compete at London 2012.

But the CAS indicated that Rule 45 could be reintroduced if it was included as part of the WADA code.

A new clause in the draft code, 10.15, titled "Limitation on Participation in the Olympic Games'' says in serious doping cases "as an additional sanction, the athlete or other person shall be ineligible to participate in the next Summer Olympic Games and the next Winter Olympic Games taking place after the end of the period of ineligibility otherwise imposed."

WADA's notes, however, warn that they do not want organisations like the BOA trying to introduce further sanctions against their athletes.

"The Code's objective of harmonisation would be seriously undermined if multiple Anti-Doping Organisations were each allowed to impose their own anti-doping participation rules," they say.

"The balance has been struck to provide for a special sanction limiting participation in the Olympic Games. This article is consistent with the CAS decisions in USOC v. IOC (the Merritt case) and British Olympic Association (BOA) v. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).''

The new code is due to be approved in autumn 2013 at a meeting in Johannesburg and implemented in 2015.

-Duncan Mackay


The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) says it will "work closely" with national anti-doping organisations (NADOs) and other stakeholders in coming months to help them to implement changes brought about by the new World Anti-Doping Code efficiently and effectively.

The Montreal-based agency was responding to a request for a reaction to insidethegames' exclusive disclosure that the Dutch NADO - the Doping Autoriteit - is facing the prospect of a cut in the number of tests it can afford to conduct after the new code comes into effect on January 1.

This is because of stipulations in the new code that require additional analyses and will hence almost certainly increase the cost of some tests.

Herman Ram, director of the National Lottery-funded Autoriteit, told insidethegames that if his testing budget did not increase, "I have to make choices".

Ram went on: "The most simple solution is decreasing the number of tests, but that is not the most sensible approach."

In its response, WADA said that the new code required NADOs to "adopt a 'smarter' approach to testing, through their test distribution plans and through the analysis of samples."

The agency continued: "By implementing the technical document for sport specific analysis, and by conducting the required risk assessments [NADOs] may indeed find themselves doing fewer tests than previously due to the fact that they are testing the right athletes at the right time, rather than taking a 'one size fits all' approach to testing.

"There is an expectation that from next year testing programmes will be more resourceful and will improve."

WADA went on: "This more effective approach to testing, coupled with use of the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP), will help foster programmes that focus not so much on the number of tests but on the quality of testing.

"WADA will work closely with stakeholders in the coming months to help them implement the changes effectively, so that they have efficient testing programs that act as a deterrent to those athletes considering cheating.

"This will be central to WADA's efforts to continue to protect the clean athletes who want to compete honestly and fairly."

One possible element that Ram suggests may ease pressure on those NADOs whose costs have been rising faster than their budgets is that increases in the volume of erythropoietin (EPO) and human growth hormone (hGH) tests as a consequence of the new rules might trigger a reduction in the unit cost of those tests.

On this point, WADA commented: "Under the revised code, [NADOs] have the ability to select their preferred laboratory for the analysis of samples.

"Organisations have the ability to communicate with the laboratories and negotiate any lower unit costs that may result from economies of scale.

"WADA will continue to play its part in facilitating greater transparency in laboratory costs."

The worry, of course, is that if a significant number of NADOs are driven to cut back on the number of samples collected and analysed for economic, as opposed to tactical, reasons, drug cheats may find it easier to escape undetected.


April 30 - British Olympic Association (BOA) chairman Colin Moynihan has claimed that the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has secured a "hollow victory" after the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) overturned his organisation's lifetime Olympic ban on drug cheats.

The CAS formally announced this afternoon that the BOA bylaw, which stops athletes convicted of serious drugs offences representing Great Britain at the Olympics, is against WADA rules and must be scrapped.

It means that convicted drugs cheats like sprinter Dwain Chambers and cyclist David Millar are eligible to be selected to represent Team GB at London 2012.

But in a press conference here at the BOA headquarters in central London, Moynihan attacked WADA for having a "flawed" stance towards drug cheats and said that while his organisation respects the decision of CAS, it rermains saddened with the ruling.

"The BOA is clearly very disappointed in the outcome," Moynihan declared.

"No doubt for athletes, coaches, administrators and others in international sport who want to see greater progress made in the fight against doping, this will be seen as a hollow victory for WADA.

"We live in difficult days when WADA spends time and money reducing those countries, such as Canada, New Zealand and ourselves, which have taken a determined stance against drug cheats in sport, to [impose] a two year ban which, as Sir Steve Redgrave said, is tantamount to almost saying it is acceptable.

"It is also wrong in our view that all 204 National Olympic Committees around the world now have to hand over their selection policy towards drug cheats and to WADA or face court action."

Moynihan also promised that the BOA will now spearhead a campaign against WADA, pushing relentlessly for tougher sanctions on drug cheats.

"Today, we must now move the discussion forward, and we will engage and lead in a global campaign to seek fundamental and far-reaching reform to WADA," said Moynihan.

"We have already submitted a set of recommendations to WADA as part of the ongoing World Anti-Doping Code Review process.

"We will be actively involved in that process, we will be vocal in that process, principally calling for tougher, more realistic sanctions for serious first-time doping offenders: a minimum of four years, including one Games.

"We will be seeking testing measures that are more proactive, more reliable, and treat athletes with greater fairness and consistency – for example, biological passports.

"We will be calling for the autonomy of National Olympic Committees to be respected, particularly in determining their selection policies for the Olympic team.

"We will be looking to an approach that doesn't bind all NOCs to what is effectively the lowest common denominator of sanctions.

"If some NOCs wish to take a position that is tougher than that global benchmark they should be permitted to do so, and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) should be free to reintroduce its Rule 45 'Osaka Rule' [banning convicted drugs cheats from future Games] if it so wishes.

"We will be calling on WADA to operate in a manner that is decidedly more efficient and effective, and more in touch with the athletes from all 204 National Olympic Committees."

Moynihan also revealed that the entire cost of CAS process was under £100,000 ($162,000/€123,000).

"WADA argued very strongly before CAS that, in the event that the British Olympic Association lost, we should pay not just our own costs but WADA's costs as well," he said.

"I'm very pleased to read in the findings that we have won our argument on that point – and our argument was that each party should bear its own costs relative to the findings.

"In terms of the CAS process itself, we will be covering those costs and we are very comfortable with the CAS decision on that particular point.

"The net result of all of that is that we anticipate the full cost to the British Olympic Association to be less than the budgeted figure of £100,000.

"It is good news for the athletes because it means we can spend additional money on them; that £100,000 covers the cost of the arbitration and our lawyer's fees.

"So we were within budget on the cost of this."

Despite the attack levelled at WADA, Moynihan promised that athletes such as Chambers and Millar will not be made outcasts if selected for Team GB.

"If ultimately they are nominated, by their National Governing Bodies, so long as they meet the eligibility criteria they will be selected to Team GB.

"If they become members of Team GB they will be treated just as every other athlete in the delegation.

"There will be no two-tier team."

UK Athletics, which will be responsible for selecting Chambers, has echoed Moynihan's stance.

"UK Athletics has always supported the BOA bylaw but welcomes the clarity the CAS decision brings to this issue," it said in a statement.

"Athletes affected by the ruling are now eligible for the team, in both individual and relay events, and will be subject to the same selection criteria and process as every other British athlete."

British Cycling (BC), charged with nominating Millar to Team GB, followed suit.

"Our team for the Games is being selected in June and across all disciplines we'll pick the team based on which riders are fit and available, and who we believe have the best chance to deliver medals," said a BC spokesperson.

"Ahead of that we won't be speculating on who may or may not be selected."

By Tom Degun at the BOA Headquarters in London



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