William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts, invented volleyball in 1895. He experimented with the new sport by blending elements of basketball, baseball, tennis and handball while keeping physical contact to a minimum. At the time, the sport was called Mintonette.
The tennis net was raised 6 feet 6 six inches off the floor, just above the average man’s height. The name volleyball came about while during a demonstration game, someone remarked the players seemed to be volleying the ball (a term borrowed from tennis) over the net, making its new name more relevant.
In 1900, the first specialized ball was designed for the sport that required it to be lighter than the football (soccer ball) the sport began with. Today, volleyball remains one of the most popular sports, played by over 800 million people worldwide. Professional leagues are played indoors on hard courts or outdoors on sand known as beach volleyball. Special stadia have been built for beach volleyball as the sport has become increasingly popular. In 1947 the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) was founded as the international governing body for volleyball. The Trinidad and Tobago Volleyball Federation is the affiliate body in this country.
The modern sport of tennis finds its origins in 12th century France. Monks began playing a crude handball against their monastery walls or over a rope strung across a courtyard.
As the game became more popular, courtyard playing areas began to be modified into indoor courts, where the ball was still played off the walls. After bare hands were found too uncomfortable, players began using a glove, then either a glove with webbing between the fingers or a solid paddle, followed by webbing attached to a handle–essentially a racquet. Rubber balls were still centuries away, so the ball was a wad of hair, wool, or cork wrapped in string and cloth or leather, then in later years, hand-stitched in felt to look something like a modern baseball.
The nobility learned the game from the monks, and some accounts report as many as 1800 courts in France by the 13th century. The game became such a popular diversion, both the Pope and Louis IV tried unsuccessfully to ban it. It soon spread to England, where both Henry VII and Henry VIII were avid players who promoted the building of more courts. Today the game is as popular around the world. It has been part of the first Olympic Games in 1896 and continued until 1924. It was then discontinued until it returned as a demonstration sport in Guadalajara, Mexico 1968 and 1984 Los Angeles, California, USA Olympic Games. It wasn’t until the 1988 Seoul, South Korea Olympic Games it returned a full medal sport and has been since.
The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the world governing body of tennis. Tennis Association of Trinidad and Tobago is the ITF affiliate in this country.
Previously, wushu figured significantly in the simple matter of survival through China's many wars and political upheaval. Today, wushu has been organized and systematized into a formal branch of study in the performance arts by the Chinese.
It reigns as the most popular national sport in the country of 1.1 billion people, practiced by the young and old alike. It's emphasis has shifted from combat to performance, and it is practiced for its method of achieving heath, self-defense skills, mental discipline, recreational pursuit and competition. Wushu was a demonstration event during the 2008 Beijing and 1936 Berlin Olympic Games but has never been an Olympic competitive event.
The International Wushu federatioin (IWUF) is the international governing body for Wushu and is bidding for inclusion in upcoming Olympic Games. The Wushu Association of Trinidad and Tobago is the active IWUF affiliate for Trinidad and Tobago.
Archery has been around for millennia used by natives from all corners of the globe implemented in hunting, fishing, warfare and competition. The International Archery Federation (FITA) is the international governing body for archery founded in 1931 in Lwow, Poland. FITA has over 140 member associations including the Trinidad and Tobago Target Archery Federation.
Archery was part of the Olympic Games from 1900 to 1920 and was discontinued in Paris 1924 because of the inexistence of the governing body. It was reintroduced in the Munich 1972 Olympics and has been part since.